Menu
Further information

Hanns-Seidel Foundation in Web 2.0

Video about HSF in Southern Africa



Video introducing the work of the Hanns Seidel Foundation in Southern Africa. Click here to view...

Hanns Seidel Foundation South Africa

Postal address:
P.O. Box 41451, 
Craighall, 2024
Johannesburg | South Africa
Tel: +27 (0) 11 325 0589
Fax: +27 (0) 86 512 5300
E-Mail: info@hsf.co.za

South African Crime & Justice Hub


The Crime & Justice Hub aims to be the single most comprehensive source of information and analysis on crime, criminal justice and crime prevention in South Africa. more ...

African Futures Project


The African Futures Project provides explicit and transparent forecasts for African leaders and institutions, allowing them to plan the future more systematically and effectively. more…

The economics of smuggling refugees and migrants into Europe

Since 2011, Europe has faced a mounting migration crisis that has played out firstly on its borders, and then within them. A perfect storm of events, including the protracted war in Syria and subsequent mass displacement, instability caused by the Arab Spring, the disintegration of the Libyan state, the withdrawal of international troops in Afghanistan and persistent extremist insurgencies in sub-Saharan Africa, has prompted a scale of human movement that has not been seen since the end of World War II.

Funded by the HSF, the Institute for Security Studies (ISS) in partnership with The Global Initiative against Transnational Organized Crime carried out field research which resulted in a study entitled “Survive and advance: The economics of smuggling refugees and migrants into Europe”

The study describes how violent conflicts, terrorism, long-standing repressive regimes, chronic poverty and inequality have driven an unprecedented number of refugees and migrants to Europe. It highlights how those making the journey are assisted by an increasingly violent and opportunistic smuggling industry. Sustainable profits made by this industry have allowed transnational networks to develop where they previously did not exist, with serious implications for human security and state stability. 

Effective responses will require an understanding of the drivers and dynamics of the crisis. This understanding should be sufficiently nuanced to recognise that each journey of migration is defined by the ethnicity, income level and country of origin of the migrants, as well as by a highly responsive smuggling industry.

Video: The road most travelled

Flash is required!